Vietnam needs further efforts to mitigate climate change

Olive Hawkins
October 13, 2018

Until now, scientists have often framed climate change in terms of the future.

However, they provide little hope humanity will rise to the challenge.

In order to reach this, society will need to make "unprecedented" changes including closing hundreds of coal-fired power stations and rapidly switching to renewable energy.

Global temperatures are now predicted to reach 1.5 degrees Celsius between 2030-2052, he warned.

At the dialogue, experts also shared information on the newly-approved Special Report of the IPCC on the impacts of global warming of 1.5°C and related global greenhouse gas emission. Scientists at the time considered it to be the threshold for the most severe effects of climate change.

"While time is short, there is still a chance of keeping to 1.5° of warming".

The islands of our archipelago are for the most part low-lying and, even if the rise in temperatures is limited to the earlier global target of less than 2 degrees Celsius, this could be disastrous for The Bahamas because so much of our landmass is already threatened by higher sea levels and flooding.

That's why the panel is urging world leaders to keep global warming under 1.5 degrees C rather than the looser goal of staying under 2 C set at the Paris climate change conference in 2015.

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"There is no documented historic precedent", the IPCC said in their report "Some of the most affected areas are small islands, megacities, coastal regions and high mountain ranges".

However, more than ten countries, including Ireland, showed a lack of appetite for increasing the EU's climate target. Since the mid-1800s the climate has already warmed by 1C.

Building on strong foundation achieved through the economic renovation, known as "Doi moi", Vietnam can certainly achieve climate resilient and low-carbon development pathways, benefiting from interaction between rapid technological innovation, sustainable infrastructure investment, and increased resource productivity, she said.

For Canada, that means emissions would need to fall to a maximum of 385 million tonnes a year.

Allowing the global temperature to temporarily exceed or "overshoot" 1.5ºC would mean a greater reliance on techniques that remove Carbon dioxide from the air to return global temperatures to below 1.5°C by 2100.

The new report will feed into a process called the 'Talanoa Dialogue, ' in which parties to the Paris accord will take stock of what has been accomplished over the past three years.

The country has now approved plans for the implementation of the Paris Agreement on climate change, as well as fully implemented the treaties of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change and the Kyoto Protocol, he said.

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