United States can not undermine Iran nuclear deal: Rouhani

Sergio Conner
January 14, 2018

That is part of the USA commitment in the 2015 nuclear deal known as the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action.

For Iranian Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif, Trump's actions are an attempt to unilaterally destroy a multilateral deal, a move Zarif believes is not allowable under global law.

At the time, the president warned that he would take further action to nullify the deal if Congress and the allies did not act.

The administration says Trump now intends to make a deal with European allies "fixing significant flaws in the deal" and getting tougher on Iran generally.

"This is a last chance", Trump said.

Trump on January 12 said the United States would pull out of the deal unless the European signatories fixed what he called "terrible flaws" in the agreement.

The legislation is required to include certain "triggers" which will automatically lead to a reimposition of the sanctions if Iran fails to apply.

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The announcement came as the Treasury Department placed sanctions on 14 individuals and entities for alleged offenses unrelated to Iran s nuclear industry. It also sanctioned agencies that censor or limit access to the Internet.

"Despite my strong inclination, I have not yet withdrawn the United States from the Iran nuclear deal", Trump said in a statement.

On Friday, Trump also approved new sanctions against Iranian officials and organizations, including Sadeq Larijani, the head of Iran's judiciary, and 13 other entities including the cyber unit of the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps. But his explicit warning to Europe that the deal must be fixed by the time the next sanctions waivers are due in the spring creates a high-stakes diplomatic deadline that will be hard to meet. He wants to require more robust inspections of nuclear facilities.

"This is the last such waiver he will issue", a senior administration official told reporters on Friday. He also called on Iran to stay calm and continue to fulfil obligations under the deal. Under the current deal they are set to expire in 2025.

Iran, too, has been abundantly clear that it will not renegotiate the deal. They argue that if the USA pulls out, Iran might kick out worldwide nuclear inspectors. The European Union has also imposed penalties against Moscow, prompting it to retaliate with banning food imports from countries that sanction Russian Federation.

Even though Mr Trump has now imposed a 120-day deadline on his European partners, it does not appear like they have the appetite to negotiate a follow-on agreement regarding Iran.

In short, Trump's pedigree in real estate negotiation is being used to try to recast one of the most complex and geopolitically vital documents on the planet, Paton Walsh said. However, Trump did not to contest Tehran's compliance with the deal at the global level.

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